Cambodia Country Profile

Picture1

Cambodia’s countryside is subjugated by the lowland of the Tonle Sap Basin and the Mekong Lowlands, bounded by highlands and low highlands in north, south west and to the east. The central bare is divided from north to south by the Mekong River. Cambodia’s leading river is crossable for superior vessels mainly in Cambodia and Vietnam, Phnom Penh is a main city. East of the Mekong the plain steadily join with the eastern highlands, a distant region of thickly forested mountains and high hills that extend into Laos and Vietnam.

Cambodia has a terrestrial area of 181,035 square kilometres in the southwestern part of the Indochina peninsula, about 20 percent of which is used for farming. It fabrications wholly within the tropics with its southern most points slightly more than 10° above the Equator. The nation capital city is Phnom Penh. International borders are shared with Thailand and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic on the West and the North, and the Social Republic of Viet Nam on the East and the Southeast. The nation is bordered on the Southeast by the Gulf of Thailand. In distinction with neighbours, Cambodia is a terrestrial interaction country administratively constituted of 20 provinces, three of which have objectively short oceanic margins, 2 metropolises, 172 constituencies, and 1,547 communities. The nation has a seashore of 435 km and wide mangrove stands, some of which are somewhat untouched.

Cambodia Economic Resulting more than two decades of better economic evolution, Cambodia has reached lower middle-income status with gross national income (GNI) per capita reaching US$1,230 in 2017. Focused by garment exports and tourism, Cambodia has constant an average growth rate of 7.7% between1995-2017, the sixth fastest-growing economy in the domain. As global demand peaks in 2018, economic growth is expected to reach 7%, compared to 6.9% in 2017. Evolution is expected to remain strong over the average term.

Destitution remains to fall in Cambodia, although more slowly than in the past. the destitution rate in 2014 was 13.5% compared to 47.8% in 2007. Cambodia has achieved the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of halving poverty in 2009, the huge majority of peoples who escaped poverty did so by a small boundary. Around 4.5 million people remain near-poor, susceptible to falling back into destitution when exposed to economic and other outer distresses.

Health and Education Health and education persist both important challenges and development main concern for Cambodia, where 32% (or approximately 500,000) of children under five are undersized. Whereas net registration in primary schooling increased from 82% in 1997 to 97% in 2016, lower secondary completion rates at 57 % in 2017 are notably below the average for lower middle-income countries. As of 2015, 70% of Cambodia’s population (12.3 million people) does not have admission to piped water, and 58% (9.3 million people) do not have admission to enhanced hygiene.

Cambodia has made good steps in improving parental health, early childhood development, and primary education in rural areas. The motherly mortality ratio per 100,000 live births decreased from 472 in 2005 to 170 in 2014, the under-five mortality rate decreased from 83 per 1,000 live births in 2005 to 35 per 1,000 in 2014.

Editor : Meas Bunheng 

Sources:

Nation online, Political map of Cambodia, https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/cambodia_map2.htm 1998-2014, [Access date 16 October 2018].Tourism of Cambodia. Cambodia Geography, https://www.tourismcambodia.com/aboutcambodia/geography.htm 1999-2018, [Access date 17 October, 2018]The World bank, The World Bank in Cambodia.27,11,2018, https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/cambodia/overview#1  [Access date16,October,2018 ]The World bank. the world bank in Cambodia.27, September 2018, https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/cambodia/overview#1 [Access date16, October,2018 ].The World bank, the world bank in Cambodia, 27, September 2018 https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/cambodia/overview  ,[Access date 16, October,2018].

 

Advertisements

History of Cambodia

Cambodia Ancient time

Cambodia has an ironic and charming history. The first human in Cambodia were Stone Age hunters and gatherers. Conversely, farming was introduced into Cambodia about 2,300 BC. The first farmers in Cambodia used rock tools but from about 1,500 BC the Cambodians used tools and weapons made from bronze.

The first evolution in the area arose about 150 AD in the Mekong River delta in South Vietnam. This civilization was known to the Chinese who called it Fu-nan.

While Fu-nan was operating with the Chinese Cambodian society raised more urbane. Reimbursements grew larger. So, did empires. By the commencement of the 7th century AD all of the nation was highly civilized.

At first Cambodia was divided into rival nations. However, at the foundation of the 9th century a king named Jayavarman II originated the Khmer Empire in Cambodia.

Khmer Empirer

Comparable all early civilizations the Khmer Empire was a devastatingly agricultural society, although there were many craftsmen the great mainstream of the people were agriculturalists. Their principal diet was rice.The Khmers were animists. They believed that souls inhabited natural phenomena such as the planet and plants. Later Indian religions (Hinduism and Buddhism) were introduced but they co-existed with traditional beliefs. The rich and influential built fine temples (the only stone buildings in Cambodia). They were richly ornamented with fine stone carvings. The greatest well-known temple is Angkor Wat which was constructed in the early 12th century.

For Cambodia was wealthy and powerful. Then around 1000 AD King Jayavarman V was murdered. Civil conflict shadowed until Suryavarman I founded another dynasty. By 1011 he was in power of Cambodia. However, his empire only lasted until 1080 when it was replaced by another king. In 1177, people called the Chams from Champa (on the coast of Vietnam) attacked Cambodia. However, King Jayavarman VII succeeded to drive them out by 1183 and between 1203 and 1220 he was able to influence the Chams to submit to him. Nevertheless, by the mid-13th century the Khmer kingdom was in deterioration.

In 1431 the Thais took the Cambodian capital, Angkor. Then it was abandoned and new capital was founded at Phnom Penh. By the mid-16th century Angkor was overrun by the rainforest and it was inadvertently re-discovered by a Cambodian king.

Cambodia 1500-1800

Throughout the 16th century Cambodian power continued to decline. At the end of the century Cambodia collapsed under Thai people. In 1594 the Thais captured the capital. After that they ruled the region. From the middle of the 17th century the power of Vietnam raised. In the early 17th century the Khmer controlled segments of what is now South Vietnam. They detained a port called Prey Nokor. (Later it was renamed Saigon). In the late 17th century Prey Nokor collapsed under Vietnamese directive.

During the 18th century Cambodia found itself embraced between two powerful neighbours, Thailand and Vietnam. The Thais occupied Cambodia several times in the 18th century and in 1772 they destroyed Phnom Penh. In the last years of the 18th century the Vietnamese also attacked Cambodia. The Cambodian king was forced to look to the Thais for shelter. In benefit to Thailand took north-west Cambodia.

1106

Cambodia 19th 20th Century

In the early 19th century King Chan (1806-1834) turned to the Vietnamese for shield from the Thais. The Thais were upset by this policy and when an uprising occurred in south Vietnam in 1833 they took advantage by assaulting Cambodia. However, the Vietnamese king crushed the rebellion and the Thai army withdrew.

As a consequence, the Vietnamese ruler strengthened his control over Cambodia. When Cambodian King Chan died in 1834 one of his daughters was appointed as Queen and Vietnamese people settled in Cambodia. The Vietnamese observed the Cambodians as ‘savages’ a tried to ‘civilize’ them by teaching them Vietnamese customs.

Resentment at Vietnamese influence led to an uprising in 1840-1841. The Thais attacked again to re-assert their power of Cambodia.

However, in the 1850s French ministers arrived in Cambodia. The Cambodian king turned to ask French to protect his country from both the Thais and the Vietnamese. So, in 1863 Cambodia became a French colony.

Cambodia 20 century

Beneath French rule particular economic expansion took place in Cambodia. Roads and railways were built and in the 1920s a rubber industry raised up. However, the Cambodians were forced to pay heavy tariffs and from the 1930s Cambodian nationalism grew.

Afterward in 1941 Cambodia was occupied by the Japanese. First, they adequate French officials’ language and administrative and to sustain in their posts but in March 1945 as the Japanese were losing the war they hurriedly tried to curry favour with the Cambodians. They arrested French officers and declared Cambodia independent. Still, when the Japanese surrendered the French took over again. They entered in October 1945.

This time the French did allow the Cambodians to have political parties and an establishment. By an agreement of 1949 Cambodia was made semi-independent. Then in 1952 King Sihanouk discharged the government and took respective control of the country. Events then moved quickly. French finally allowed Cambodia to transform fully independent on 9 November 1953 and in 1955 king Sihanouk renounced in favor of his father and votes were detained.

Sihanouk formed his own political drive. From 1955-1970 he conquered politics in Cambodia so greatly so that it is sometimes called the ‘Sihanouk era’. In 1960, when his father perished, he named himself

Tobe continue…

Editor : Meas Bunheng

Tim Lambert, “A BRIEF HISTORY OF CAMBODIA” http://www.localhistories.org/cambodia.html , [Access date 17, October,2018]Tim Lambert, A BRIEF HISTORY OF CAMBODIA, http://www.localhistories.org/cambodia.html [Access date 17, October,2018]Tim Lambert, A BRIEF HISTORY OF CAMBODIA, http://www.localhistories.org/cambodia.html [Access date 17 October2018][1]World population review, population Cambodia 2019, http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/cambodia-population/ 24 September 2018[Access date 17 October 2018][1] Tourism in Cambodia. Religion in Cambodia, https://www.tourismcambodia.com/aboutcambodia/religion.htm , 1999-2018,[ Access date 17 October 2018][1]Tourism in Cambodia, Khmer Language , https://www.tourismcambodia.com/about-cambodia/khmer-languages.htm, 1999-

Photo

Travel The World

IMG_3750Travel to Cambodia and Help this Poor Country

Cambodia is rich in natural resource, but decade of war and international conflict have left it one of the poorest countries in Asia. Cambodia’s poor people number around 4.8 million and 90 percent of them are in rural areas.

On 12 of Februay 2017 to 5 of May 2017, I joined a volunteer service namely International Citizen Service (VSO ICS Program) which run under a program of VSO Cambodia. This org mainly arm to help in education system in Cambodia especially in rural area in Cambodia. This program was a join 30 people of UK youth and Cambodia youth volunteer.

Team basically help students and people in community about how important to send their children to school and encourage them continue higher Education.

Thankfully to UK Volunteer and government that help this poor country and left hope for Cambodian next generation. They need people to inspirer them and improving in self development as learning English language to communicate with people around the world.

This is just the beginning !!!

Be continue…….

The Journey Begins

Thanks for joining me!

Welcome to my blog. I am Bunheng, Cambodian Nationality. Currently Studying in Krakow, Poland for Two Years Master Degree in International Tourism. I would like to express deeply thank for taking interest in Cambodia.

Basically, My blog is about travel, volunteer work, International citizen service, and meeting new people around the work. You can leave a comment and suggest about any topic you want to know. I would be very happy to do a research and know new story. Your sharing  is the most motivation to me to write more article.

post